The Nam Phui National Protected Area is home to wild elephants, gibbons, gaur and other large animal species. Elephant rides are available in Hong Sa town, and the province holds an annual elephant festival in February.

One of the last remaining hunter-gatherer groups in Southeast Asia, the Malabri, inhabit the forests in the western part of the province.

Not many tourists travel to Xayaboury, but those with an adventurous spirit are guaranteed an intimate and unique experience.