Habitat: The entire area is comprised of rugged hills, usually well above 1,000 m with the highest peak at 2,052 m. Vegetation is mainly mixed deciduous and evergreen forest with bamboo groves.

Access: Difficult access from Xieng Tong district.

Introduction:

Nam Et - Phou Louey (pronounced “naam et poo loo-ee”) National Protected Area (NPA), located in the north east of Lao PDR, is one of twenty NPAs declared in decree 164/PMO, 1993. With an area of 5,959 km2 it is one of the largest in Lao PDR and covers 7 districts and three provinces (Houaphan, Luang Prabang and Xieng Khouang provinces). The NPA is mostly hilly or mountainous and is the source of many rivers. It is named after its two main features, the Nam Et River and Phou Louey Mountain (“Forever Mountain”). The area has primary forest remaining in many areas, a high level of biodiversity, and a number of endangered species including tiger, gaur, Sambar deer, and white-cheeked gibbon. visit: Namet 

1. GENERAL INFORMATION

Name

Nam Et. Abbreviated: NET

Status

Established by PM Decree 164, 29 October 1993

Location

Latitude: 20º09' - 20º50' N
Longitude: 103º21' - 103º53' E

Map Sheets

Map Sheets Scale I :100,000

Scale I :200,000

Scale I :500,000

Provinces

Houaphan

Districts

Viengthong
Xam Neua
Xiang Khor
Houa Meung

Boundaries

The northern boundary is formed by the Vietnamese border, and, alomg sections of its western boundary is contingous with Phou Loei NBCA.

Area

as decreed: 1,915 km²
(in combination with Phou Loei NBCA, directly adjacent to the western boundary: 3880 km²)

Perimeter

km

Proposed
Extensions or Excisions

Based on vegetation cover maps, Nam Et should be reduced in size by excising some 500 km² mainly in the east and the Vietnam border regions.

Access

Xop Neua, a centrally located district center, can be reached by 4WD-vehicle on a rarely used seasonal road from Sam Neua (112 km) and on an all-weather road from Muang Hiam (65 km).

Stakeholder
Villages and
Population

No. of villages by type

District

Villages

I

II

III

IV

Persons

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

..

.

.

.

.

.

..

.

.

.

TOTAL

.

.

.

.

.

.


Note: Only small villages within the NBCA.

Principal Local
Resource
Uses

The predominant land use is shifting-cultivation

Ethnic
Composition

2. BRIEF HISTORY

1993

NBCA declared

3. ECOLOGY

Physical
Features

The entire area is comprised of rugged hills usually well above 1,000 m (65%) with the highest peak at 2,052 m. Most streams drain to the Nam Et, the remainder to the Nam Peun.

Elevation

500 - 2052 m

Climate

Main Forest
Types

The forested area is about 72%, with 10% dense/mature forest:
Mixed decidous forest 69%
Evergreen forest 3%
Other natural vegetation 19%

Other Habitat
Features

The vegetation is generally a mosaic of old shifting cultivation fallow, bamboo groves.

Recorded
Vertebrates

Vertebrate Class

No. of Species

No. of Key Species

Mammals

-

-

Birds

-

-

Reptiles

-

-

Amphibians

-

-

Fish

-

-

Notes:

Survey Efforts

low

4. EVALUATION
Principal Contributions to the NBCA System

Biodiversity
Values

The flora and fauna have not been fully surveyed

Nam Et has comparatively little dense forest but still ranks high in its importance for representative coverage mainly due to its size in a geographical sub-unit where few other NBCAs have been identified.

The Nam Et and its tributaries are reportedly teeming with fish even close to long existing villages.

Watershed

Values

Cultural
Values

Security
Values

Recreation &
Tourism
Values

Principal
Threats

Shifting cultivation

Reasons for
Proposed
Extensions or
Excisions

5. CURRENT MANAGEMENT

Contact

Staffing

Organizational
Structure

Buildings
Equipment
Financial
Support & Training

Currently no full-time donor support

Current
Management
Priorities

  • Establishment of settlement control
  • Reduction of severe shifting cultivation practices in some areas
  • Re-Examination of boundaries
  • In-depth biophysical and social surveys

Other
Management
Opportunities

Other
Relevant
Project
Initiatives

  • Lao-American Drug Control Project

6. REPORTS AND PUBLICATIONS

 Anon. (1993). Reconnaissance Survey Report.

IUCN (1995). Protected Area Fact-Sheets. Annex 3 to the mid-1995 status report on Protected Area system planning and management in Lao PDR. Vientiane.

IUCN (1998). Biodiversity Conservation and Integrated Community Development in Nam Et and Phou Loei NBCAs, Lao PDR. 3rd revision of project proposal: 30 pp. Vientiane.

Wildlife Conservation Society (1995). Report on Management Options Reconnaissance.